Thyroid Symptoms & Treatment | Hypothyroidism | Hyperthyroidism

Thyroid Symptoms & Treatment

The thyroid is a gland in front of the neck and its shape is like a butterfly. This gland produces hormones that control your metabolism rate. Thyroid disorders can increase or decrease the metabolism rate by obstructing the production of thyroid hormones. The thyroid problem is caused when hormone levels become too high or too low. In thyroid disease, the thyroid gland can either become overactive or under-active. There are two types of thyroid problems or conditions: Hyperthyroidism & Hypothyroidism. The symptoms are based on the conditions, either it is hyper or hypo. Both have different symptoms & treatment.

What Is Hyperthyroidism? And Its Symptoms

If your thyroid gland secretes too many hormones into your blood, you may suffer from hyperthyroidism and a speedup of bodily functions. It is also called overactive thyroid. The main symptoms of hyperthyroidism are as follows-

  • Weight loss
  • Tremors
  • Heat intolerance
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Nervousness and irritability
  • Thyroid gland enlargement
Hyperthyroidism Symptoms

Hyperthyroidism Treatment

Treatments include:

  • Radioactive iodine.
  • Anti-thyroid medications.
  • Surgery (thyroidectomy).
  • Beta blockers.

What Is Hypothyroidism? And Its Symptoms

If your thyroid gland doesn’t secrete enough hormones into your blood, bodily functions will slow down, as it does in hypothyroidism. It is also called under-active thyroid. The main symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows-

  • Fatigue
  • Dry or brittle hair
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation, or sluggish bowel 
  • Cold intolerance
  • Memory problems
  • Irritability and depression
  • Slower heart rate
  • Higher cholesterol levels
Hypothyroidism Symptoms

Hypothyroidism Treatment

Treatments include:

  • Levothyroxine
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone
  • Radioactive iodine therapy
  • Triiodothyronine

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